So Philadelphia, the home of my youth and my home again now, has a rich culinary heritage. Pies and chicken and veggies from the Pennsylvania Dutch influence. Breads and salamis and cheeses from the multiple European influences. Soft Pretzels from German immigrants. And of course spectacular pizza, pasta, hoagies and cheesteaks on every block, normally by 2nd or 3rd generation of family ownership with a Greek or Italian surname. What you don't find too often here ... BISCUITS. But I married a man of Southern heritage, South Carolina to be precise, and I decided 2017 would be the year of the biscuit.
A few things I've learned:
1) Self rising flour expires. Of course in most cases if flour is in a Tupperware canister it doesn't really go BAD ... so I didn't worry about how old mine might be. (only later I realized it was probably bought for my mother in law's visit when she made us her spectacular fried chicken ... before my first 1st grader WAS BORN). But that's a lot of words to say that the self rising flour or baking powder should be younger than kindergarten eligible.
Attempt number 1 had pretty good flavor but didn't rise AT ALL. Hockey puck, anyone??
2) When biscuit recipes say to "roll" the dough with a rolling pin they don't mean as thin as gingerbread dough. And yes, it took me TWO pans baked before I realized WHY they weren't tall enough: I was rolling the dough WAY too thin. My husband remembered the dough being TALLER than the biscuit cutter back when his mom made homemade biscuits ... AH HA!
Attempt 2.1: flaky, some rise, too short.
So I still had half the dough and made it much much taller when I rolled it. These ones were good!
3) hexagon biscuit cutters are great!
4) a heavy duty lasagna/cheesesteak type spatula is PERFECT for cutting the cold butter:
<<< slice longwise down the stick, rotate 90 degrees, and slice again
<<< see how the hexagon cutters leave no waste between biscuits?
5) it's highly annoying to get your hands clean enough to take pictures in the middle of making biscuits
6) when in doubt, for any food picture, add a small jar with some jam ;)
into bowl of food processor:
4 1/2 cups all purpose flour
1 1/2 T baking powder
1 T kosher salt
1 T sugar
... pulse a couple times
4 sticks COLD (1 pound) butter, cut into small bits (next time I do half lard)
... pulse 3 quick pulses. DO NOT OVERMIX
mix in a 2 cup measure or small bowl:
1 1/2 cup plain kefir (my yankee sub for buttermilk)
1/2 cup heavy cream
Mix into flour/butter mixture, again a few quick pulses. Let dough sit covered in a cool kitchen (my back section is in the 50s during winter) or in fridge for about 1/2 hour. Set oven to 400 degrees.
Liberally sprinkle a clean dry counter (cool stone is great for this), then sprinkle top with flour and flour your hands and flour your rolling pin and flour the floor (ok, that part is optional, but I always do!). Gently/quickly/barely roll out the dough - but this isn't cookies, so it should still be quite thick! Use a straight sided drinking glass or biscuit cutter to cut biscuits, place them on pan an ungreased sheet pan. Bake 12-14 minutes.